The error some make however is when they believe they will suddenly hit the big time with their first few investments. When the correction gets over the last kind are the ones which breakout first. Two factors played a role in containing dual class shares: the first was that, for decades, the New York unique boutique Exchange barred shares with different voting rights from getting listed on the exchange and the second was the fear of an adverse reaction from investors. The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at 27,081 on 2/25/20, as the stock market dropped for the second straight day due to the Coronavirus. Although STI has fallen from its high, it has not fallen below its low due to strong investor confidence in Singapore. This position serves mainly as a low cost “contingent” stance that may reduce the impact of our hedging in the event that the major indices advance by more than a few percent in the coming weeks. When they don’t, though, you may have to allocate the equity value differently to different share classes.


Dividing the value of equity by 94.5 million shares yields a value per share of $21.51/share, but even that may be an over estimate. Linked in notes that it has options outstanding on roughly 17 million shares, with exercise prices ranging from $6 to $23. I used the 43.31 million shares that Yahoo! When shares all have the same voting & dividend rights, you can divide by the total number of shares outstanding. The returns from the investments in the banks are on the rise and therefore, it would be safe to say that investing in banks can help you secure a steady profit that can be used to invest in the forex market and book further profits. It is top of my agenda because it has its full year 2015 profit out on Wednesday and there is much talk of oh its had its best days behind it, it wont be long before its doing its best impression of a Pumpkin Patch (a stock I once owned)or Postie Plus (again a stock I used to own).


American International Group, Inc. (AIG) – American International Group, Inc. (AIG) was flat Wednesday. Citigroup Inc (C:NYSE) – As of Thursday, I am back in Citigroup with the anticipation that it will close over $4.00 on Thursday. Amazon (AMZN) – AMZN rallied back above $1900 this week. A break out back above $24 would be bullish but I am still on the sidelines waiting for another dip below $20. Using an average exercise price of $15, the value per share drops further to about $20. There is a kernel of truth to their statement: the expected value of control (and voting rights) is greater in badly managed companies than in well managed ones. This refers to the expenses related to trading on online stock trading companies. Originally stock market trading began on an informal note. It listed on the NASDAQ and institutional investors were so eager to hold the stock that they seemed to overlook the voting share structure (or at least not price it in). The argument I have heard from institutional investors for their benign neglect of different voting share classes at Google is that the company is well managed and that control is therefore worth little or nothing.


In a pure proxy model, you could plug the market capitalization and book to market ratio for any company into this regression to get expected monthly returns. Voting rights matter because they allow stockholders to have a say in who runs the company and how it is run. However, if you are an investor for the long term, you have to worry about whether managers who are perceived as good managers today could be perceived otherwise in a few years. For centuries, gold (because of its durability and relative scarcity) has been an alternative to financial assets (that are tied to paper currency). In my view, gold does not have an intrinsic value but it does have a relative value. In closing, though, let me try to answer the question that triggered this post: what is the “intrinsic value” of gold? How much larger? I have a paper on the topic that does try to come up with a specific premium for voting shares.